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Spain

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Iberian Peninsula

In the 1930’s, both Spain and Portugal saw the emergence of authoritarian and nationalist regimes. Antonio de Oliveira Salazar established his Estado …

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The Spanish and Portuguese Empires

The Treaty of Tortesillas divided the newly discovered land outside of Europe between the countries of Portugal and Spain along the meridian …

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The Powerful Habsburgs

The House of Habsburg, also spelled Hapsburg, was one of the most important royal houses of Europe. The throne of the Holy …

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The Voyage of Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer, born in Genoa, in northwestern Italy. Sponsored by the King and Queen of …

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The Black Death

In the late 1340’s, the Black Death spread like wild fire throughout Europe. It was a result of a virus carried by …

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The Roman Empire

While the republic of Rome began in the 8th century BC, it reached its zenith nearly one thousand years later in the …

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The Punic Wars

As the Republic of Rome continued to expand in territory and might, the kingdom of Carthage began to get nervous. Unwilling for …